Reference: Prof. Leonor Magtolis Briones
Contact numbers: 09175359884
Follow us at Twitter: @SocialWatchPH
Like us at Facebook: Social Watch Philippines
2016 Budget is an Election Budget, loaded with lump sums and pork —Social Watch Philippines
“The 2016 General Appropriations Act (GAA) of PhP2.139 Trillion which was recently signed by the President into law is loaded with pork and lump sum appropriations,” according to Prof. Leonor Magtolis Briones, Lead Convenor of Social Watch Philippines. While the National Expenditure Program (NEP) totals PhP3.002 Trillion, more than PhP930 Billion is in automatic appropriations; while Special Purpose Funds total PhP408 Billion and Unprogrammed Funds total PhP67.5 Billion. Just like the current 2015 GAA, the 2016 GAA reinforces the redefinition of savings and authorizes the transfer of DAP-like funds already declared by the Supreme Court as unconstitutional.
Prof. Briones continued, “As in previous election years, small infrastructure projects were embedded in the 2016 budget and were specifically identified by legislators during the preparation phase of the budget which amount to huge sums worth of public works. Additional insertions were introduced by both Houses of Congress and the Bicameral Conference Committee. Concrete examples are farm to market roads which are identified with legislators who claim credit for them during election sorties.”
Examples of revisions and budgetary adjustments are:
• PhP326 Million increase for Farm to Market Road Projects under the Department of Agriculture (PhP7.377 Billion from PhP7.051 Billion in NEP)
• PhP987.930 Million increase for Assistance to Indigent Patients under the Department of Health-Office of the Secretary (PhP2.783 Billion from PhP1.795 Billion in NEP)
• PhP2.54 Billion increase for Government Internship Program and Tulong Pangkabuhayan sa Ating Disadvantaged Workers Project under the Department of Labor and Employment-Office of the Secretary (PhP3.267 Billion from PhP727.3 in NEP)
• PhP403 Million increase for Training for Work Scholarship Program under the DOLE-Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (PhP2.206 Billion from PhP2.203 Billion in NEP)
• PhP1.248 Billion increase for Local Infrastructure Program under Department of Public Works and Highways-Office of the Secretary (PhP19.813 Billion from PhP18.566 Billion in NEP)
• PhP5.382 Billion increase for Protective Services Program under the Department of Social Welfare and Development-Office of Secretary (PhP6.698 Billion from PhP1.315 Billion in NEP)
• PhP144 Million increase for Tulong Dunong Program under the Commission on Higher Education (PhP1.130 Billion from PhP986.231 Million in NEP)
• PhP662.538 Million increase for Financial Assistance to LGUs under Local Government Support Fund in the Allocation to Local Government Units (PhP862.538 Million from PhP200 Million in NEP)
“Earlier, Social Watch estimated that around PhP33.2 Billion went to PDAF-like funds distributed across five agencies. Estimates from other groups are more or less similar to what we have arrived at,” Briones added.
Transparency is the hallmark of accountable budgeting. But the practice now is for legislators to send instructions to agencies just by text or telephone calls. This is true for health assistance, employment and cash dole-outs. This trend further muddles the flow of information to the public, especially since there is no paper trail. Social Watch called for more details on the 27 amendments from the Bicameral Committee which are subject to “conditional implementation. “The Constitution does not provide for conditional implementation. The proposed General Appropriations Act can either be approved in full or its particular line items be vetoed by the President.” “We are reiterating our observation that the 2016 budget will benefit the political objectives of the present administration as well as the incoming officials. This is due to the redefinition of savings which is provided for in the general provisions of the GAA. The provisions of the 2016 budget can easily be changed and transferred; projects can be stopped; new projects can be initiated because of the redefinition.”
“It is up to media, civil society organizations, and individual citizens to monitor these dangers and traps inherent in 2016 budget and ensure that it is not utilized for partisan political purposes,” concluded Prof. Briones.